Queens Reproduction. Queens start mating flights for several days and often collect sperm from various males.
Sex reduces the queen's vision.
-After fertilization, queens lose some of their sight, and often their way.-
Queens start mating flights for several days and often collect sperm from various males to increase the genetic diversity of their hive.
The male tries to prevent the queen from mating with other males, which is why during natural insemination the activity of vision-related genes in the female bee changes, reducing her vision to miss mating flights.
Fertilized queens also tend to leave the hive two days early for mating flights, this early withdrawal is an attempt to have time to compensate for their poor vision.
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